Bread Broadens the Shoulders الخبز الحاف «يعرض الاكتاف»

الخبز الحاف
«يعرض الاكتاف»
هو مشهد يتكرر في كل مكان. اولاد صغار او اطفال يحملون قطعة خبز يتلذذون باكلها وهم يلعبون مع اصدقائهم او ياثناء سيرهم في الطرقات او امام البيوت.
السؤال الذي يلح علينا : لماذا؟
تقول حليمة وهي ام لاربع اطفال في مخيم الزعتري: لان الخبز الحاف بيعرض الاكتاف. اي ان الخبز ينمي ويكبر الاطفال ويساعد جسمهم لان يصبح قويا مما يعني مساعدة والدهم في الحقل من زراعة وحصاد.
وتضيف حليمة: بعد ان يتناول اطفالي فطوره مووجباتهم الرئيسة اقسم لهم قطعة من رغيف الخبز الحاف واطلب منهم اما الخروج للعب مع اصدقائهم او الجلوس امام التلفزيون حتى انهي واجباتي المنزلية. فالخبزة تعطيهم شعور بالشبع لفترة طويلة .
اما الجدة سائدة من المفرق فتقول ان اولادها تربوا على قضم الخبز في اي وقت من النهار لذلك اصبحت اجسادهم قوية واحرص الان ان يسير الاحفاد على خطى ابائهم فالخبز «نعمة» يجب ان يحافظوا عليها واعلم احفادي عدم القاء الخبز في الطريق واذا وجدوا بقايا خبز في الطريق فعليهم رفعها وتقبيلها ووضعها جانبا خوفا من أن يدوسها أحد. فالخبز نعمة من الله علينا المحافظة عليه.
اما ام سعد من قرية غريسا فتؤكد ان الخبز دليل على الغنى ووفرة المحصول لذلك نعطي اولادنا قطعة خبز لياكلوها في الشارع ليعلم جيراننا واقاربنا واصدقاؤنا ان احوالنا بخير وان الله رزقنا.
وتبين المعلمة شهد من سما على الحدود السورية انها تؤمن بما يقال عن الخبز وقداستة وانه اصبح رمزا بالنسبة للانسان وليس فقط مادة غذائية وانه يعتبر قوة لبنية اجسام الاولاد وقوتهم ونموهم السريع وهي تحث اولادها على تناول الخبز بعد وجباتهم .
تقول شهد: الخبز يقوي الرابطة بين الاولاد وامهاتهم فقد ارتبطت رائحة الخبز برائحة الأم وذكر ذلك الكبير محمود درويش في قصيدته “أحنّ إلى خبز أمي”. فنكهة رائحة خبز الصباح قريبة من رائحة الأمومة.
وفي امثالنا الشعبية ارتبط الخبز بشكل كبير وشكل رابطا قويا بين الاصدقاء فيقال مثلا “بيننا خبز وملح” إشارة إلى أن الوفاء والصداقة الحقيقية. “و يلي بخون الخبز والملح بكون بلا اصل كما يقال”.
وتنهي شهد قولها ان امها التي ربت خمس بنات في ظروف قاسية كانت تقول لهن ان اكل الخبز بعد الوجبات يساعد عل تنظيف الاسنان في وقت لم يكن معجون الاسنان او الفرشاة متوفرة.

Bread
Broadens the Shoulders
“Bread is a blessing that should be protected, and she has taught her grandchildren not to throw bread on the street, and that if they find any remains on the street, they should pick it up and kiss it and put it on the side to save it from being stepped on by someone.”
It’s a scene that plays out again and again wherever you look. Small children carry pieces of bread with them that they nibble on as they play with friends or watch television or walk on the streets and in front of houses.

The question that insists itself upon us is: why?
Halima, who is a mother of four children in Camp Zaatari, says: “Because plain bread widens the shoulders.” Which is to say that bread assists in the development and growth of children, it helps their bodies to become strong which means that they can help their parents in the field sowing crops and harvesting.

Halima adds that: “After my kids eat their breakfast and their main meals, I promise them a piece from a loaf of plain bread and I ask them not to go out and play with their friends or sit in front of the television until I finish my household chores. The bread gives them a feeling of being full that lasts a long time.”

As for the domineering grandmother from Mafraq, she says that her children grew up chewing on bread at any time of the day and that it’s because of this that their bodies became strong. Now, she’s making sure that her grandchildren follow their parents’ example. Bread is a blessing that should be protected, and she has taught her grandchildren not to throw bread on the street, and that if they find any remains on the street then they should pick it up and kiss it and put it on the side to save it from being stepped on by someone. Bread is a blessing from God, and it is our duty to look after it.
Um Saed from Gharisa village is certain that bread is a sign of wealth and abundance in the household, and that it is for this reason we give our children a piece of bread to eat in the street – so that our neighbors and relatives can know that our conditions our good and that God has provided for us.

Shahed, a teacher for Sama, agrees that she believes in what they say about bread and holiness, and that it has become a symbol of humanity and not just a foodstuff, as well as being behind the strength of the boys’ build and their rapid growth, and she urges her children to eat bread after their meals.
“Bread strengthens the relation between children and their mothers, so the smell of bread and the smell of the mother has become connected,” said Shahed, and she recalled the great poet Mohamed Darwish in his poem I long for my mother’s bread. So, the aromatic smell of bread in the morning is closely related to the smell of motherhood.

We have a popular saying, that “Between us there is bread and salt” to indicate that the bond of friendship and loyalty is very strong. Anyone who betrays bread and salt is without a speck of moral foundation, as they say.

Shahed finished by adding that her mother, who raised five kids in difficult circumstances, used to say that eating bread after a meals would help to clean the teeth in times when toothpaste and brush weren’t readily available.

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